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AVL Radiotherapy Timeline

Prof. Dr. Jacob Rotgans

100 years radiotherapy Netherlands Cancer Institute: Prelude

1851 1913

Prof.dr. Jacob Rotgans, Rector of the University of Amsterdam

The 19th century gave birth to professional science. Research and practice in medicine advanced in a revolutionary pace. In 1907, inspired by the advances abroad, the Amsterdam University rector and surgeon Professor Jacob Rotgans makes a plea for a national comprehensive cancer centre in The Netherlands.

In scientia salus: Healing by science
prof. Jakob Rotgans
Pasfoto Dr G. F. Gaarenstroom

100 years radiotherapy Netherlands Cancer Institute: Pioneering

1913 1925

Dr. Gerard Frans Gaarenstroom

Radiologist Gerard Frans Gaarenstroom is a Dutch pioneer in radiotherapy since 1913. He is the first head of radiotherapy in the Netherlands Cancer Institute from the start in 1915 until 1922.

groping and searching ... step by step we will have to pave our way in this field of science...
Frans Gaarenstroom
Dr. Daniël den Hoed

100 years radiotherapy Netherlands Cancer Institute: Science

1925 1940

Dr. Daniel den Hoed

Dr. Daniel den Hoed is head of the Department of Radiotherapy from 1925 until 1940. Under his leadership, the scientific foundations of radiotherapy are established. The focus of his work is on research in the fields of anatomy, dosimetry, radiobiology and the development of equipment.

about malignant pharyngeal tumours treated in the NKI 1916-1932
Betty Levie
Dr. Willem Wassink

100 years radiotherapy Netherlands Cancer Institute: War time

1940 1945

Dr Willem Wassink

Dr. Willem F. Wassink is the leading surgeon and head of clinic from 1921 to 1953. He is closely involved in the development of radiotherapy and works on this together with Daniel den Hoed. During WW II, he manages the Department of Radiotherapy and conducts radium treatments.

Is any such thing practical, or is it mere Utopian idealism?
Professor Ralston Paterson
Dr. Henri Lokkerbol

100 years Radiotherapy Netherlands Cancer Institute: Rebuilding

1945 1964

Dr. Henri Lokkerbol

Dr. Henri Lokkerbol is head of the Department of Radiotherapy from 1945 to 1964. As a recently graduated radiologist he faces the task of rebuilding the department following the decline in WW II. With the support of Professor Ralston Paterson from Manchester, Henri Lokkerbol introduces modern radiotherapy in the Netherlands Cancer Institute.

"The annual report 1951-1952 is evidence of intensive preparations for revolutionary developments in radiology in the NKI"
Riet van der Heide
Prof. Dr. Klaas Breur

100 years Radiotherapy Netherlands Cancer Institute: Teamwork

1964 1980

Prof. Dr. Klaas Breur

Professor Klaas Breur is head of Radiotherapy from 1964 to 1980. He is also appointed university professor in radiotherapy, the first in The Netherlands. Under his rule radiotherapy develops strongly through multidisciplinary team work and radiobiological research. Breur dies in 1981.


100 years Radiotherapy Netherlands Cancer Institute: Expansion

1980 2007

Prof. Dr. Harry Bartelink

As from 1981 Dr Harry Bartelink manages the research in the Department of Radiotherapy. In 1985 he is appointed head of the department (research) next to Jan Bangert. From 1989 to 2007 Bartelink is general head of the department. Under his leadership the department expands strongly and achieves a leading position in research and development. Bartelink is professor in clinical experimental radiotherapy.


100 years Radiotherapy Netherlands Cancer Institute: Perspectives

2007 2013

Prof. Dr. Marcel Verheij

Marcel Verheij is appointed head of the Department of Radiotherapy in 2007. In 1990 he was first engaged as research physician. In 1996 he obtaines his doctorate with credits, with a thesis on apoptosis by irradiation. In 2000 he is appointed as radiation oncologist and researcher in the NKI. Besides, from 2004 he is professor in translational radiotherapy at the Free University in Amsterdam.


Show by theme

2013 NKI Logo Eng

Netherlands Cancer Institute Centennial 1913 - 2013.

Discover the history of radiotherapy in the Netherlands Cancer Institute. A chronological review from the early treatment by a steaming X-ray tube to the precision of personalised design in image guided radiotherapy.

The historical review devides into 8 characteristical periods in which a leading physician embarks on a new course.

Prelude  1851-1913    Prof. dr. Jacob Rotgans
Pioneering years  1913-1925    Dr. Frans Gaarenstroom
The scientific basis  1925-1940    Dr. Daniël den Hoed
Second World War  1940-1945    Dr. Willem Wassink
Rebuilding  1945-1964    Dr. Henri Lokkerbol
Multidisciplinary Teamwork  1964-1980    Prof. dr. Klaas Breur
Expansion and Innovation  1980-2007    Prof. dr. Harry Bartelink
Modern Perspectives  2007- to date    Prof. dr. Marcel Verheij

Left-click-hold and mouse-slide the viewbox along the timeline at the top of the screen. Watch the illustrated timeline move fast as you slide to a period.   Mouse-grab and slide the illustrated items to browse.


Click next or previous, or use the arrow keys on the keyboard to move in time or to the next  item.  Double click items to open.

Below the timeline is a brief biography of the chief radiotherapist in the selected period.


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